Before and After the Great Famine: The Irish of Atlantic Canada

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    Recalling when James Charles was crowned Fifty years ago, Ash Wednesday in Rome, overview brief. At that time princes was a term used. Talks about Peter McGuin's thesis about James McGuin and another book. Father O'shay's book and O'larry. He talks about his sources/references before heading into the lecture inclusive of family connections (Grandmother, Uncle and Brother Brendan) . He will talk about different periods of his life ( early life in P.E.I. , serving under Larry, Turbulent Years, etc.) . He divides the talk into four segments - family background, years serving under O'leary, turbulent years , long stint in Toronto as Archbishop.
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    Begins speaking about Cardinal McGuigan. He first talks about his late relatives and then his intermediate relatives.David Johnston who contributed to the construction on st.Mary's church and Catherine Johnston (migrated to p.ei.) who she married and where they settled. Cardinal was born in Hunter River, 3rd child of his parents. His older brother who died in infancy. Gertrude went through the order of sisters known as Sister St. George.
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    Discusses his extended family (Father side) Elliott McGuinn was a distant cousin, Mother side he had two uncles who were priests. He had six first cousins on mother side who became priest. Also he had a few second cousins that became priest Father Russell etc.. Father Eugene Murray and Father Campbell. It indicates the family he was born into- religion played a big role. Cardinals Father owned a store, Globe hotel and a 40 acre land. His father was middle class despite references (Fisher) saying otherwise.
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    Early Education. Attended Prince of Wales (attending for 3 years) got a teachers license and taught for one year in Stanley Bridge .1912 He enrolled in St. Dunstan's (he was undecided whether he wanted to study medicine or take an arts degree) . He excelled academically and did a lot of other extracurricular activities. He first came in contact with his future mentor Bishop Henry o'leary.
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    He entered the seminary and excelled in Quebec. He was always to learn french. He was ordained a priest in St. Augustus church in South Rustico by O'leary he was not 25 years. They needed approval from Rome.
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    Reads letter Father [Sinate] wrote when O'leary was leaving
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    His return to charlottetown, he was assigned to be a secretary. [Sinate] was not happy and wanted to trade McGuinn for him to go to Winnipeg.
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    Edmonton Years. Priest in edmonton was unable to handle Edmonton's rapid growing english speaking population. O'larry addressed the problem to get island priest to go to Edmonton. Cardinal's time in Edmontons was training ground. He eventually became victor general, then chancellor, then rector of st. joseph's. 1927 he was sent to the Catholic University in U.S to get his doctorate in Canon Law. 1928 appointed by the pope.
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    Turbulent years. At age 35 he was said to be the youngest archbishop of the world. Refers to picture of O'leary, [Sinate] etc. Catholic Church in Canada was a french catholic church up until the century except for Atlantic provinces and BC. Speaks about migration of Europe (large english speaking population) . Cites the four problems the church faced
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    Credit rating of Catholic Church was at state. The english wanted to be served by english speaking priest instead of french speaking french. Speaks about Saskatchewan. Population and religion. Problem with the french, who had their resentments over the appointment. There was also political problems (oppression of catholics) , experiencing a nervous breakdown. Sisters had to teach McGuinn to cope with his problems (still apart of his turbulent years) he begged the pope to relieve him off his duty to Regina and he returned in February.
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    When he returned he did a numerous duties (launched series of appeals, sold archbishops palace and tackled debt ) dared O'leary senate to organize a campaign for Regina’s debate. James. T Anderson government ( no religious symbols in school, this law was directed toward french but affected catholics)
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    Quotes a paragraph from speech of his installation ceremony . He then tackled the other problems the archdioceses faced.
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    SIDE A ENDS
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    Some of Cardinal's implements (Rich paying for some debt) , committed the Diocese to an annual publication to show how the money was spent , financial statements etc. Through these measures ( 8 years) he was bale to reduce the debt down to 2 million while at the same time building churches and schools (expanding toronto)
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    Discusses where he returned
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    New Migration, people came in speaking various languages. It pressured Cardinal and the diocese they had to fine schools etc and someone to minister to the new canadians and their native languages. He came to dedicate the church in Hunter River after a time. He eventually suffered with illness.
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    Resigned duties of bishop and popcock took over. He was not named a Cardinal. McGuinn had trouble resigning himself to his own resignation. He attended vatican. Was concerned by actions take Popecock. Controversy of the use of the pill (contraception) . McGuinn was upset by this and wrote a letter to Paul, but Popecock interfered. He went to Rome for Vatican two recalls story of this incident. Refers to Toronto Star.
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    Conclusions , death and his overall summary of his characteristics
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    Lecture ends, applause, questions, remarks, comments,
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    SIDE B ENDS